Sunday, June 3, 2018


When a plant, animal or insect dies it breaks into tiny pieces and eventually, these small pieces become part of the soil. This process is known as decomposition.
It is a process to break down (organic matter) or to be broken down physically and chemically by bacterial or fungal action. The process is a part of the nutrient cycle and is essential for recycling the finite matter that occupies physical space in the biosphere.
The substance that should be disposed or the waste that we produce can be separated into two categories: Biodegradable and Non-Biodegradable. Biodegradable is easy to decompose but non-biodegradable is a lot more difficult.
Organisms that do this are known as decomposers. The decomposers are bacteria, fungi, and some worms which break down dead plants, animals, and insects. A dead body is actually part of its own ecosystem. Decomposition starts minutes after the death of a living organism, with a process named autolysis, or self-digestion.
How long does it take to decompose? Different sources have different information on actual time various waste items take in landfills to decompose.

Paper Towel - 2-4 weeks 
Banana Peel - 3-4 weeks 
Paper Bag - 1 month 
Newspaper - 1.5 months
Apple Core - 2 months 
Cardboard - 2 months 
Cotton Glove - 3 months
Orange peels - 6 months
Plywood - 1-3 years 
Wool Sock - 1-5 years
Milk Cartons - 5 years
Cigarette Butts - 10-12 years
Leather shoes - 25-40 years 
Tinned Steel Can - 50 years 
Foamed Plastic Cups - 50 years
Rubber-Boot Sole - 50-80 years
Plastic containers - 50-80 years
Aluminium Can - 200-500 years
Plastic Bottles - 450 years 
Disposable Diapers - 550 years
Monofilament Fishing Line - 600 years
Plastic Bags - 200-1000 years

Plastic products are very common in our modern life Plastic waste is one of many types of wastes that take too long to decompose. Normally, plastic items can take up to 1000 years to decompose in landfills. But plastic bags we use in our everyday life take 10-1000 years to decompose, while plastic bottles can take 450 years or more.
The increasing waste volume is a major concern for mankind. The best way to deal with this problem is avoiding products that generate waste materials that take more than a year to decompose in landfills through a proactive design for recycling.
We request you, please share this piece of information in your network as much as you can. Please Support a Green Environment.

Sunday, May 20, 2018

Unit Weight of Steel Flat

Dear Readers,
Steel is important role in construction Industry. Flats are used in construction industry for very economic and good finish. Instead of cutting required size from plates and sheets we can use ready made flats. Generally the width to thickness ratio of flat rolled products is fairly large.

The flat carbon steel is a hot or cold rolled strip product also known as a plate product. Flats are actually thin strips of mild steel having the thickness of the strip commonly varying between 12 mm to 150 mm and thickness varies from 3 mm to 32 mm. Flats are designated by width and thickness, Example Flat 100 X 6 means flat 100 mm width and thickness is 6 mm.

Various grades and sizes of materials can be selected to meet diversified requirements for automobiles, appliances, construction etc., Unit weight of flat steel is below. All dimensions are in mm and weight is Kg/Mtr
For More Details about Flat Click Here

Tuesday, May 1, 2018

Labour Welfare Fund

Dear Readers,
Wish You a Happy May Day - 2018
Labour welfare fund is a statutory contribution managed by individual state authorities. Every State has made its own Act & Rules. Contribution period & its amount may differ from State to State. You should go through your state Labour Welfare Fund Act & Rules for having knowledge of the definition of employee, contribution period & the rate of contribution to be deducted, method of deposit of amount, format for sending the detail of contribution if any & to whom & when it is to be submitted.

In order to provide social security to workers, the government has introduced the Labour Welfare Fund Act. This act has been implemented only in 15 states out of 34 states including union territories.

LWF implemented States are Andhra Pradesh , Chandigarh, Chhattisgarh, Delhi ,Goa ,Gujarat ,Haryana ,Karnataka ,Kerala ,Madhya Pradesh ,Maharashtra ,Odisha ,Punjab, Tamil Nadu ,Telangana and West Bengal

LWF is not Applicable States are Andaman and Nicobar Islands , Arunachal Pradesh ,Assam , Bihar, Dadra and Nagar Haveli ,Daman and Diu ,Himachal Pradesh ,Jammu and Kashmir ,Jharkhand ,Manipur ,Meghalaya ,Mizoram ,Nagaland ,Pondicherry ,Rajasthan ,Sikkim ,Tripura ,Uttar Pradesh and Uttaranchal

The Labour Welfare Fund Act is not applicable to all category of employees working in the establishment. It depends upon the wages earned and designation of the employee. The applicability of the Act based on the number of employees may differ depending upon state specific Act.
The contribution in the Labour Welfare Fund may be made annually, half yearly or monthly. The frequency may differ depending upon the state specific Act. Further, if the frequency is half yearly the period of deduction shall be divided into two consecutive periods as per the date mentioned in the state specific Act. The employer needs to make the deduction from the salary of the employee and submit the same to the Labour Welfare Fund board in the prescribed form before the due date.

The Fund will be utilised for welfare of workers/Labour in following manner (It may vary state to state)
1). Community and social education centres including reading rooms and libraries;
2). Educational facilities for the children of the workers.( Educational scholarship, Educational incentives  & Book allowance)
3). Transport facilities to the workers for commuting to work.
4). Marriage assistance.
5). Excursions, tours and holiday homes;
6). Medical facilities for both private and public-sector employers to facilitate medical facilities for their workers and their families.
7). Provide special treatment to the workers including assistance for artificial limbs, wheel chairs etc.
8). Home industries and subsidiary occupations for women and unemployed persons.
9). Recreational facilities in form of music, dance, drama, games, sports, paintings, etc. are usually offered to the employees to build a wholesome working environment.
10). Housing facilities under this scheme offer loans to industrial workers for constructing houses at concessional rates.
11). Funeral expenses
In practical most of these facilities are not aware to labour or not reached to concern.
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Abbreviations (19) Acre (2) ANSI (1) Anti friction bearing (2) Apothecaries Mass (1) Avoirdupois Mass (1) AWG (4) AWS (3) BCR 295 (2) Beam (19) Bearings (5) Blasting & Painting (5) Blogoversary (3) Bolt (4) CAR A/C (1) Cartoon (2) Cent (2) CHANNEL (7) Chequered Plate (1) Chinese (3) Civil (2) Classification (3) Cleaning (4) Cold Rolled Steel (2) Colour Code (1) Column Section (1) Computer (1) Concrete (1) Construction Industry (6) Conversion Table (2) Crane Rail (2) Density (1) Drill bit (1) Drill gauge (1) Drilling (1) Dry Ice (1) EHS (1) Ellipcon Steel (1) Elliptical Hollow Section (1) EN 10083-3 (1) EN 10219 (1) Engineer Day (6) Engineering Miracle (2) Environment (1) European Steel (3) Fibre Rope (3) Fire (1) FLAT (2) floating crane (1) Flood (1) Formula (1) GAUGE (9) General (24) Greetings (6) H-beam (4) Handrail (1) Heavy Weight Beam (1) Helmet (2) HEXAGOAN (2) Hollow Rectangle (3) Hollow Square (5) Hollow Steel (10) Hot rolled Steel (28) HR & IR (1) HSS (9) I-Beam (2) Information (5) Informations (4) Introduce (4) IPE (3) IS 1173 (5) IS 1786 (1) IS 3443 (2) IS 4923 (2) IS 808 (15) IS:1732 (1) ISA (2) ISCR (1) ISHB (3) ISJB (4) ISJC (2) ISLB (3) ISLC (2) ISMB (4) ISMC (2) ISMCP (1) ISNT (2) ISSC (2) ISWB (3) JIS G3466 (1) Joints (1) Junior Beam (2) Junior Channel (3) Labour Law (3) Labour Welfare (1) Land Measurement (2) Light Beam (1) Light Channel (3) LPG Cylinder (1) Mass (2) Measurement (3) Metals (4) Mile Stone (2) Music Wire (4) MWG (6) Numbers (3) OCTOGAN (1) Painting (4) Parallel Flange Channel (1) PFC (1) PIPE (1) Plastics (2) PPE (1) Precautions (2) Rain (1) Rebar (1) Reinforcement Rod (1) Reinforcemnt Steel (1) Reo (1) Rigging (8) River on River (1) Rope (6) ROUND (2) Safety (11) Scale (1) Self Explanatory (4) SEP (4) Short cut key (1) Sling (1) Slit Tee (1) Specific Gravity (3) SQUARE (1) SSPC (1) Steel (19) Steel Beam (7) Steel Section (6) Steel Section Type (5) Structural Steel (53) Surface Preparation (5) SWG (4) SWL (1) Technical (6) Tee Section (5) Thanks (7) Tools & Tackles (2) Torque (5) Troy Mass (1) TUBE (1) Turnbuckle (1) UB (2) UC (2) Unit of Mass (1) UNIT WEIGHT (48) Universal Beam (1) universal Column (2) Water (3) Weight (10) Welding (5) Wide Flange Beam (2) Wind (6) Wind Speed (4) Wire Rope (3) Wishes (14) WWD (1)


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